The distinction between management and leadership has been debated for decades. Great minds – such as Warren Bennis, Stephen Covey, Grace Hopper, and John Kotter – have argued that management and leadership are different. I've argued the difference, too.
- Bennis: “Managers do things right, while leaders do the right things.”
- Covey: “Leadership deals with direction. Management deals with speed.”
- Hopper: “You manage things. You lead people.”
of Harvard Business School put it this way:
Management is about coping with complexity. Leadership is about coping with change. -- J.Kotter, Harvard Business School
I like Kotter’s thinking. A defining distinction about leadership is its focus on change. After all, in the work-world, change is all around us.
As I’ve reflected on this idea over the years, I’ve come to realize the most effective leaders focus on creating change in four key ways.